Pest Control - Rats
The common or brown rat typically has brownish fur on its back and grey underneath, but colour can vary from white through to black. An adult has a body length of 200 – 270mm plus a tail of 150 – 200mm.
The Ship or black rat, which is now rarely encountered in Britain, is smaller than the common rat and usually black in colour. It has large hairless ears and a tail that is longer than its head and body length.
Common Rats live in any situation that provides food, water, and shelter. In homes, they will live in loft spaces, wall cavities, cellars, or under floorboards. In gardens they will burrow into compost heaps and grassy banks or under sheds. They are commonly found living in sewer systems.
Their favourite foods are cereal products, although they will eat almost anything that humans do. Most of the damage they do is by gnawing and ripping open packets. They also foul food with urine and droppings.
Rats can transmit many diseases to humans, including Salmonellosis (food poisoning) and Weils disease.